Starting in the early
1890s, the coal industry of Pennsylvania moved into the mountains of
Over the course of the coming century, the towns established by these
coal companies to ensure a dependable supply of miners rose and fell with the
national economy. Once rails were
laid deep into the Appalachian hollows and coke ovens built, production began in
earnest starting a boom that would last well into the 1920s.
With the boom, came unionism, and with unionism, came the potential for
conflict. Having witnessed the
incredible violence that placed “Bloody Harlan” in the public consciousness
during the 1920s, the Virginia coal operators seemingly sought to “out-union the
union” by providing every necessity and many luxuries to those employees who
lived in their towns. At the same
time, such an environment was fraught with opportunities to exploit workers and
their families. Along with Franklin
Roosevelt’s New Deal came labor-friendly legislation in the form of the National
Labor Relations Act, which put corporations and workers on level ground for the
first time in American history.
After World War II, the long decline began and the company owned towns
began to either be sold off to individuals or razed.
Now, more than a century after the first of these towns was built, many
of them still stand as historical monuments to the old practices while still
housing yet another generation filled with the same hopes of their predecessors.
Click on these links to go to Coalfield.com to read about recent grants awarded to the Lonesome Pine Office on Youth and other news concerning the community:
$50,000.00 ARC to focus on Music for young people:
News about Brushy Fork Trans. :
Donate to LPOY by searching the web. Click www.goodsearch.com Enter Lonesome Pine Office on Youth as your charity and help needy kids with school supplies!
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